荷蘭研究型大學 VS 荷蘭應用科技大學
The overview below sets out the most important differences between studying at a research university and at a university of applied sciences.
Abstract, analytical skills, theoretical, asking questions.
The emphasis is on learning to look analytically and critically at the way a certain field can be approached.
You learn to present convincing oral and written arguments and to draw conclusions from them.
A university has a research duty alongside its teaching duties.
Because lecturers often also have research tasks, new knowledge and the process of academic research are dealt with in the lectures.
Own initiative, self-discipline, independence.
Universities not only have small-scale tutorials and projects, but also lectures for large groups of students.
There are greater demands on your self-discipline, but you also have more freedom to make your own choices in your study programme.
Relatively high teaching speed
You will be expected to be able to quickly process and understand the large amount of teaching material, often in English.
Internship or research
You will round off your degree programme with an internship or a research project.
Professions less clear in advance
After finishing your degree programme you can usually choose from various possible professions in the fields of research, management, administration and policy.
Personnel ads often ask for an ‘academic level of thinking’ rather than for specific knowledge.
University of Applied Sciences
Higher vocational education trains for a specific profession. You apply your knowledge and work in a solution-oriented way.
The training is directed towards the acquisition of competences.
The most important duty of a university of applied science is to provide teaching.
In addition, a great deal of attention is also paid to advisory work for businesses and institutions.
The contacts with students are often more intensive. There are usually more contact hours, including compulsory ones, such as lectures and work groups.
Relatively relaxed teaching speed
More time is spent on each topic.
Internship or research
You can go on an internship during the entire degree programme.
Professions usually clear in advance
After you finish, you will usually end up in a white-collar job.
Why would I choose a professional Masters at a university of applied sciences over an academic Masters at a university? Is a professional Masters worth as much as an academic Masters? What is the difference?
Professor Gert-Jan Schuiling of HAN's research group ‘Learning in changing organisations' investigated the distinguishing features of professional Masters programmes in general and at HAN in particular. Schuiling: 'It is quite a daring enterprise to study your own legitimacy.' Because this is exactly what HAN Masters programmes has done.
A Master is a Master
Is a professional Masters worth as much as an academic Masters? This seems to be an essential question for most students. Schuiling: 'It certainly is. You obtain an officially recognised Masters degree, accredited by the NVAO. The level is equal, how you get there is different. University of applied sciences graduates always begin with an issue from their own professional practice.'
What do you mean by a different way? 'After gaining a Bachelors degree at a university of applied sciences, most graduates start working. They gain experience in the field. As a result, they grow in their work and deal with ever more complex issues. To be able grasp these issues and respond to them better, a further theoretical and empirical foundation is necessary. The route of the professional Masters suits people who thrive in a practical setting and develop from there.'
Practice versus theory
Are there any more substantive differences between an academic Masters and a professional Masters? 'An academic Master carries out research based on a theoretical question and thus generates new scientific knowledge’, Gertjan Schuiling explains. ‘Whereas the professional Master contributes to the renewal of professional practice. Professional Masters always base their research on an issue from the work field. Just as education at a university of applied sciences is firmly embedded in professional practice, the professional Masters is devoted to improvement of professional practice. In the Masters programme, knowledge and practice are linked to scientific research. Whoever manages this is a fully fledged Master.’
What type of people choose a professional Masters course? ‘Masters students at a university of applied sciences are professionals who contribute their own knowledge and experience during the programme’, Schuiling explains. ‘The departure point is improvement of professional practice. For this reason, a great deal of knowledge and experience is exchanged during the course. The ultimate aim is to improve the daily practice of the professional group in question. Anyone who is passionate about their profession gladly contributes to this.'