如何取得荷蘭公民身分或永住權

 

如果您是外國人並且在荷蘭居住了5年,那麼您將可以申請荷蘭護照或是獲得荷蘭公民身份。但是獲得荷蘭公民身份的過程是什麼?

 

以下是可以申請的條件:

 

1、從童年起就一直在荷蘭生活

2、如果您在荷蘭居住了5年 

3、如果您的父母中有一方或雙方都是荷蘭人(包括領養)

 

歸化荷蘭公民的條件是什麼?

 

1、您需要超過18歲

2、您需要有有效的居留許可

3、您需要連續5年在荷蘭(或荷蘭加勒比地區)居住

4、您願意放棄目前的國籍

5、您可以通過在A2級別荷蘭公民綜合考試來證明您可以寫,說和讀荷蘭語

6、您未在4年內入獄,處罰參加社區服務或收取高額罰款(超過810歐元)

7、您願意在強制性公民身份儀式上宣布效忠荷蘭

 

以下狀況將不受五年連續居留的限制:

 

1、您是無國籍人(例如,正式成為難民)並且在荷蘭合法居住至少3年

2、您過去曾擁有荷蘭國籍

3、您與荷蘭公民結婚並在一起(在國內或國外)共同生活了3年或更長時間

4、您在荷蘭合法居住至少10年(最後2年需要在該國持續生活)

 

我可以成為荷蘭的雙重國籍嗎?

 

你需要放棄你的國籍才能成為荷蘭人。一旦您放棄國籍,您需要提交申請和聲明 。

 

此規則有例外情況,您必須在申請期間申報並證明這些規則:

 

•您不得在自己的國家放棄國籍

•您正式註冊為難民

•您是荷蘭公民的已婚/註冊伴侶

•無法聯繫您所在國家的當局

•您不能因特殊原因撤銷您的國籍 

•如果您的國籍在荷蘭不被承認

•如果您放棄國籍,您將失去在您所在國家/地區的重要權利

•如果您出生在荷蘭或荷蘭加勒比地區,並且您目前仍然居住在那裡

•如果你必須完成兵役以放棄你的國籍

•如果您需要支付相當多的錢來放棄您的國籍

 

無論如何,一旦你是荷蘭公民,你就獲得了以下權利:

 

•荷蘭護照

•能夠在所有荷蘭選舉中投票並參選

•您的孩子可以成為荷蘭公民

•歐盟公民身份 - 在歐盟旅行和生活的自由

•您可以投票支持歐洲議會

•自由進入荷蘭並在荷蘭旅行

 

獲得荷蘭公民身份整個過程最多可能需要一年時間。

 

如果您想申請荷蘭公民身份並提交申請表,您需要訪問荷蘭當地的市政廳。收費:個人:855歐元;家庭:1091歐元。如果一切順利,將提交給移民和歸化局。您需要通常的有效證件,如:護照,居留證,出生證和公民融合考試證書。

 

如果一切按計劃進行,他們會發送確認信並邀請您參加公民身份儀式。在此之後,您可以正式申請護照。

 

我可以在荷蘭獲得永久居留權嗎?

 

當然可以,不是每個人都想放棄自己的國籍。您可以申請永久居留權。您可以無限期地留在荷蘭,但是您不能在荷蘭選舉中投票(除了市政選舉)。

 

請注意:以上資訊請提供參考,正確資料請向荷蘭移民局或是市政廳查詢。

資訊來源:https://dutchreview.com/expat/moving/how-to-get-dutch-citizenship-2018/

有關如何保持在荷蘭居留證效期的相關說明:

Main residence in the Netherlands

​If you have a Dutch residence permit, you have to have your main residence in the Netherlands. Main residence means that the centre of your activities is in the Netherlands. You, therefore, live in the Netherlands and you work or study here. Or your children are, for example, going to school in the Netherlands. When you move your main residence to a place outside the Netherlands, your residence permit can be revoked or not be extended.

Moving main residence

The IND judges if you have moved your main residence. For this the IND looks at facts that show that your main residence is no longer in the Netherlands. Examples of these facts are:

 

You have deregistered from the Municipal Personal Records Database (BRP) of your municipality. Other examples include:

Deregistration from the Tax and Customs Administration before leaving the country.

Notification to the Aliens Police (AVIM) of leaving the country.

Resignation from work or cessation of operations.

Cancellation of a bank or giro account.

Transferring periodical payments (money) to an address outside the Netherlands.

The redemption of pension rights.

Eviction of the accommodation in the Netherlands and carrying the inventory (household contents) across the border.

Letting or subletting the accommodation in the Netherlands to other persons.

There can also be other examples that indicate that you have changed the location of your main residence.

 

Do you hold a residence permit for research (Directive EU 2016/801) or study and do you temporarily want to reside in another member state of the European Union as part of intra EU-mobility? If your educational- or research institute in the Netherlands has notified this to the IND in time, you may temporarily deregister from the BRP during the intra-EU mobility. This also applies to family members who stay with the researcher. In this case, the deregistration from the BRP is not considered as a change of main residence.

 

Situations in which the IND always judges you have moved your main residence:

You have made use of a remigration scheme upon leaving the Netherlands. For example a scheme under the Remigration Act.

You have been outside the Netherlands for a longer period than stated in paragraph Residence outside the Netherlands. Is it not your fault that you have stayed outside the Netherlands longer than allowed? Or that you have not moved the centre of your activities abroad? Than the IND will not see this as moving your main residence.

Residence outside the Netherlands

You are allowed to stay short periods abroad with your Dutch residence permit. During these short periods you may not move your main residence.

 

How long you may stay outside the Netherlands depends on your residence permit.

 

Temporary residence permit

You may stay outside the Netherlands for a maximum of 6 months in a row. Or 3 years in a row each year for a maximum of 4 months in a row.

 

For highly skilled migrants, researchers, students, foreign investors and Intra Corporate Transferees (Directive 2014/66/EU) exceptions on these rules apply:

 

Residence permit study: you may stay outside the Netherlands for a maximum of 1 year. Requirement is that you follow temporary education abroad in order to finish your study in the Netherlands.

Residence permit highly skilled migrant and scientific researcher directive 2005/71/EG or researcher directive (EU) 2016/801: you can work abroad for a maximum of 8 months. You do have to continue to meet the conditions for your Dutch residence permit.

Residence permit as a foreign investor: you have stay outside the Netherlands for a maximum of 8 months. You do have to continue to meet the conditions for your Dutch residence permit.

Residence permit Intra Corporate Transferee (Directive 2014/66/EU): you stay in another member state of the European Union on the grounds of your residence permit for short term or long term mobility.

Residence permit for verification against EU law (family members of EU/EEA or Swiss citizen)

You are allowed to stay outside of the Netherlands for a maximum of 6 months in a row.

 

Permanent residence permit (regular & asylum)

You are allowed to stay outside of the Netherlands for either a maximum of 6 months in a row, or 3 years in a row each year for a maximum of 4 months in a row. .

 

Residence permit long term resident-EC

You are allowed to stay outside of the EU for a maximum of up to 12 months in a row. Or outside of the Netherlands, but within the EU, for a maximum of up to 6 years in a row.

 

Permanent residence for EU/EEA or Swiss-citizens and their family members (Duurzaam verblijf)

You are allowed to stay outside of the Netherlands for a maximum of 2 years in a row.

資訊來源:https://ind.nl/en/pages/main-residence.aspx#Residence_outside_the_Netherlands